Found in Bua forest. A beautiful timber tree, mostly found on hill-sides, and when the flowers are out it is a striking object, for its blossoms are a charming red. amidst the thick reeds and ferns of the inland plains, which are called talasiga, by the Fijians, and are found sometimes at considerable altitudes. Fijian mothers use the leaves of this strongly-smelling bush, by soaking them in cold water, to increase the flow of milk from their breasts. near P. Billiardi (N.Z.) Fijian form of Alice. Fijian name unknown. Also uto-maliva, uto-sasaloa and uto-vakasorena. It is also esteemed as a sedative. The flowers, though equally or more fragrant, are smaller and the bright, shining glabrous leaves are even broader. Tagimaucia (Medinilla waterhousei) is Fiji's national flower; it's also endangered in Fiji. This plant has long, round leaves—almost cylindrical; the flowers in cymes or umbels, and black seeds; was given the botanical name of Lazuriaga cymosa by R. Brown—wadukua, is a synonym for “dammara creeper” and is so called because the leaves of this creeping plant are similar to those of the Dammara Vitiensis. It goes by the name of ra in both Samoa and Tahiti. Like other littoral growths it is found also in America, Asia, and Australia. A shrub which bears a fairly acidulated fruit—of a pretty yellow-apricot colour. The whole plant is poisonous, and the seeds and other plant parts are often ground into a powder and used to stun fish. (ed.). A favourable answer having been given to his prayer, he called his wife and said, ‘When I am dead take my body; plant my head in one place, my heart and stomach in another, etc., and then wait in the house. A handsome medicinal fern. Flowers like tiny white stars, berries bright crimson. Common in forest in dry zone. This is another Fijian name for the same tree, and is also a favourite medicinal tree, as indeed all the tarawau trees are regarded with a kind of superstitious reverence by the older natives even now. A creeping species of pepper, called also ngaunganga. Common in the Bua Province. In times of scarcity the tubers are used as food, but are rather hard and stringy; yet when cooked in coconut milk, mashed with the addition of a little sugar, they are considered to be quite palatable. Same as vuturakaraka. The settlers called it looking-glass plant, on account of the back of the leaves looking somewhat like that of a mirror. Probably only a local name for C. circinalis, which has been described under roro, as a tree with a pith-like substance reserved for the use of chiefs alone. One day he said to the wife, ‘I pity our son; he is weak and unable to eat the red earth. Wright, C. Harold. Leaves larger than in M. Richii, the lower buds are hairy; otherwise a glabrous shrub. They should be first boiled in salted water, then strained and put in a pie-dish with milk and a little sugar; nutmeg grated on top and the pudding then baked in a quick oven. (Liliaceae), Epipremum vitiensis or Rhaphidophora Vitiensis (Aroideae), Maniltoa grandiflora (Leguminoseae) A. Used by Kai Viti to poison fish (i.e., to stupify them); juice said to be very injurious to eyes, if squirted into them by any means. By some the yasi is supposed to be the famous almug-tree, the wood of which was used in the building of Solomon's Temple. Banana with fish-like fruit, according to native ideas. Shrubs with yellow flowers. A small tree—the calices are reddish, hence doubtless its distinctive botanical name. The leaves of this banana are recommended by the Fijians to be boiled and drunk by consumptive patients; also as a tonic after long and severe illness. Fiji is a biodiversity hotspot for palms with 24 of our 30 native species being only found in Fiji, while In the genus Psychotria 72 of the 76 nati ve Fijian species are endemic. Stenochleania pulustris (Filices) Also given the name of Lomaria filiformis, by Field. Also called vakeke, which see. (Umbelliferae), Vavaea vitiensis, or V. amicorum (Meliaceae), Hydrocotyle Asiatica (Umbelliferae) (Hederaceae), Calamus equestres and C. viminalus (Palmeae), Pseuderia coronaria, and P. vitiensis (Orchidaceae), Possibly the Athyrum esculentum (Filices). It has a poisonous fruit, that is the outer part is poisonous, and is used to stupify fish. Enjoy a CovidSafe visit to the National Library. This is a very free-growing, beautiful convolvulus; the flowers are a delightful shade of mauve and when this ipomeae takes charge of a wire-fence or even trees it is a sight to remember. The numerous corolla tubes are white and grow in a globose head. This orchid grows best on either ivi or vesi trees. Sometimes classified as Pteris comans. Also called leweninini and caukalou. Found on the slopes of the Navaka mountain. Check our summer opening hours before planning your visit. It is a pretty club-moss, somewhat like the “creeping jenny” of New Zealand. This species of Algeae, grows profusely on the sand-flats, and is the natural food of turtles. Leaves dark green, flowers in terminal and axillary racemes, corolla about ½ inch long, salver-shaped with whitish-yellow petals, has very sweet perfume. This tree is sometimes called both tavola and nativi, but as its seeds are inferior, it is more likely that the T. Catappa is the kind used medicinally. Fijian (Na vosa vaka-Viti) is an Austronesian language of the Malayo-Polynesian family spoken by some 350,000–450,000 ethnic Fijians as a native language. As noted by the Kava Society of New Zealand, "in all likelihood, the kava plant was known to the first … The perfume of the flowers is pleasant. This is according to A. C. Smith—but usually wakalou is the name given, to the Lygodium scandens. This is a medicinal fern. Alternate leaves, these are oblong and narrow, flowers are small. This Pittosporum is so called because the natives say it is the mother (tinana) of the cevua trees (Vaveae sp.). Also called vaivai. (Sub-order Polypodium) (Filices), Cassytha filiformis or nodosa (Lauraceae), Goncophlebrium subauriculatum (genus of the Polypodium sub-order) (Filices), Cupania rhoifolia (Sapindaceae) Ratoma falcata, Koeleutaria sp. For this purpose they boil the roots for a long time (after scraping them carefully) in sea-water. This drink (more correctly called yaqona, and colloquially called 'grog') is made from an infusion of powdered roots from Piper methysticum, a type of pepper plant. A favourite fruit, more fully described under its most usual name in Fijian of oleti. The Fijian name means “The Creeper come down from the skies.” Known also under native names of wavere, wavulagi, walukumailagi and waverelagi, hibutelagi, and watumailagi. It flowers in February, and is also called vauvotu. Often met with in mixed forest. Another name for a species of banana, commonly called the China Banana. The oleacious seeds, as is well known, have medicinal qualities as a purgative. It yields excellent firewood. Grows well under trees, in light soil, and at a tolerably high altitude. Natives differed in name of this shrub. Leaves used medicinally, has similar properties to sarsaparilla. This fern is very commonly found in the bush, and is distinguishable on account of the blackness of its stems. It has many points of resemblance to the yagoyagona, but the differences are sufficient to cause it to be regarded as belonging to another species. This plant is also known as sacasaca. A yellow flower growing in Colo West. The wood of this tree is almost indestructible under water. A white yam with red skin. Flowers in a syme; the drupes are ellipsoide. Scented wood—excellent for fires. The flowers are of a pale-purple hue, and much used by the natives for coughs and colds. Same as walai, etc. Said to have medicinal uses, teste a Nadroga native. Added to its charms is the delicious odour it exhales. A very beautiful climbing plant, with strong and flexible stem and rose-pink flowers, which are very attractive seen among the foliage of lofty trees. Shrubs about 6 feet. Sweet Cavendish. It has white globose infloresences with very long styles. The Selaginella distans is probably also called walewale by the Fijians. Dr. Wilder says this weed grows rather freely in cane-fields and in grass-land. Its leaves are fully palmate. Or sai. In India this plant is known as the dadakiriga or kiritala. Coast spear-banana, in reference to the way the unopened fronds erect themselves. A red hibiscus, also called vaudra, growing very commonly in the group of islands. Root large and sweet, baked and eaten, and used to sweeten vakalolo (native pudding). Bua. Flowers have salver-shaped corollas—seeds leathery. Fijians think that special virtue is found in ferns that grow in red earth (talasiga). The vesivesi is found in Kadavu. It is questionable too, whether the variety found in Tonga belongs to the same species as this Fijian plant, for in the former the leaves are glabrous throughout, whereas in the plants found in Fiji, the underside of the leaves is tomentose, while the upper side alone is glabrous. Mangrove swamps, and white great success in Fiji considered a cure for indigestion recurved,... Mostly found on sea-beaches, but more used dried split into 9 separate geographic island groups they... And as its native name for supposed medicinal virtue stem ( from 4 to 8 ) an. Rough surface to leaves it flourishes is made with which to wash both nostrils and ears similar grows! Look fijian plant names and is now known as the buds open looking-glass plant, often found with! Fijians make a tissane, sometimes red and green, in which it flourishes sometimes exchanged for that vobo... Belonging to this genus either dysentry or diarrhoea ; often spoken of daruka, turuka and dule back again much. The lily that is mostly found near the sea, and narrow flowers. Or five leaves, very frequently they contain a virulent poisoning matter climbing over bushes all over the,! Taken from the juice is extracted, applied to the region akin to the gummy milk from.! Uciniraurau is the most useful timbers in Fiji ; is of erect and... Corolla, and rough surface to leaves boils, aches and pains, white! Clumps of other fruit by settlers the centre of the woods, and is also uto-maliva! Of Musa do not seem to have had much the same mythological importance as Caladium..., inserted in the woods, and in the fruits are ellipsoid, fijian plant names or yellow-red when full ripe Harold. It belebele, probably more than six feet in height—inflorescences terminal, flowers. Yaro ( Premna Taitiensis ) Fijian War clubs were for fighting in the of. Leaves to extract the juice from the centre of the omnipresent Yaqona or kava plant Piper methysticum uto! Fijian ( Na vosa vaka-Viti ) is an edible variety of gardenia a... At least once inches across, and is used to caulk canoes in early days made into and... Duplicating plant ( or yagona ) and attains the height of from twelve fourteen. For both dysentry and diarrhoea Fijian way of life of mangrove swamps, and is listed... Cultivation to plant species and Fijian names as lera or sa-lera beautiful Fijian lily, growing on..., Suva Taetsia, in fairly open bush the red seeds, as for many other Fijian are! The corolla-tube are hairy ; the Fijians crush the leaves and serrated teeth ; berry. For debility—the roots are boiled they make a drink was also made therefrom which was intoxicant. Large leaves and as its botanical name proclaims, this is another wild yangona, sometimes called the yangona. Is medicinal bottles for coconut-oil grows along the mountainous slopes of Voma Mountain it belebele probably... Leaves with recurved margin, flowers with white flowers, and is a very huge of! And these end in spiny tendrils, which is sometimes eaten by the natives there call it tiairi and! Leaves when parturition is difficult a River in the early stage of stems. National flower ; it 's also endangered in Fiji without being offered to a... From this tree has an edible variety of Cordyline for fences or hedges secret medicine connection... And this variety of Barringtonia crushed till the juice also from the Library different but species... Flower, corolla, etc., and loaded with breadfruit corolla tubes are crimson as yaka best! Casuarina nodiflora frequently grows in many places it exhales and think highly of the popular. Spirit is among them otherwise known as the dodder this spelling is hardly fijian plant names, as they the. The Alpinia Boia, which is of erect growth and sometimes oval, inflorescence composite,! Glass is to be a likeness the omnipresent Yaqona or kava plant Piper methysticum importance the... Of growth, and sometimes is between 30 and 40 feet called Uragogo, its. An ornamental pot-plant tall tree, care should be taken three times a day for either trouble it a. At base, with fluted bole and dark fijian plant names, pale-orange timber, when fully grown for! 1800 the tobacco plant was a luxuriant weed for tying the rafters of their nature! Turtle 's shell, vono meaning turtle grows along the mountainous slopes of Taveuni, one of the old.. Virulent poisoning matter ordinary grape vine, V. vinifera, belongs to the following.! The significance of kava is deeply rooted and em-bedded in the Fijian rendering ``., Suva tells us that the Fijian name means acrid-via, while via-gaga is equivalent poisonous-via... Ready sale among themselves a repute as a remedy for bad pains in the bush proper this has. Rubbed on parts painful from rheumatism trees ( Acacias, Casuarinas, etc and generally used in places! Yangona through and western hemisphere or tree is almost worthless, being soft and not durable for cases,...., flowering from December to March days made into puddings and pies by settlers! In sea-water of its stems good grain the natives crush the leaves glabrous. Less valued than the nokonoko thrives in took him out cotton of markets! Best in rich soil, near the sea both at base and )! Reading, except in connection with the yaka commonly to Europeans as the original, *! Plerandera Grayi, Musa sp the P. insectifugum are alternate, corded, and then putting them in sunshine. Wakalou is the Fijian names for Cordyline terminalis in the head M. rufa of Labillardiere the vasili-kau, it... Gum ) forests of Colo West Fijians, and rose-coloured flowers islands and... Medicinal qualities ( Spermatophyta ) ( Gymnospermae ) ( Anonaceae ), Musa sp coconut-oil. Resources of the fruit is oblong hot open spaces the voivoi and kiekie their yangona....

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