Shoreline plant communities provide shelter and food for a variety of wildlife species, absorb and decrease the erosive powers of waves, filter runoff from the land, and, when properly designed, decrease habitat for pesky geese. In addition, the introduction of beneficial aquatic plants will discourage the growth of undesirable plants and algae, provide food for fish, filter the water and wildlife, and help stabilize both the shoreline and lake bottom. It grows in damp sites, especially along streams. The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. Photo credit: Mary Ellen Harte, Bugood.org. The ordinary high water mark (OHWM) on your shoreline is the reference point for determining site conditions plants will be exposed to. If you have property on a waterfront, native trees and shrubs help protect shorelines and provide beauty. There are actually several reasons. This information is for educational purposes only. Then go about choosing what plants will serve your needs and aesthetic. You will also probably find that these plants will reduce problems with more aggressive and invasive aquatic plants. Unlike turf grass, these plants thrive in saturated soils. A shoreline project is assessed against a series of credits for which a homeowner or builder can achieve points. This plant has many brilliant red, tubular flowers in an elongated cluster on an erect stalk. A dense strip of native plants is an important buffer filtering snow and water runoff and preventing soil erosion. Generally rigid, these plants do not need water for support. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. They are big, absolutely beautiful plants that wildlife depends on across the country. Examples from Big Sandy Lake and Crow Wing county. There are many grass-like aquatic sedges and rushes such as bulrush and soft rush. Joe Pye Weed and Swamp Milkweed are two perennials that belong along lakeshores. Native plants like sedges and rushes (grass-like plants along the shore) often have extensive root and stabilize the shoreline better than non-native plants like turf grasses (lawn). SOLitude Lake Management is a nationwide environmental firm committed to providing sustainable solutions that improve water quality, enhance beauty, preserve natural resources and reduce our environmental footprint. © 2020 SOLitude Lake Management®. It poured actually. Shoreline Landscaping for Lake Protection. best feature Blue vervain’s high nectar content attracts butterflies and bees. Common Arrowhead The Common Arrowhead is an emergent plant, meaning it grows near the shoreline with the leaves out of the water. Natural shoreline landscapes are gaining popularity as people understand the important role shorelines play in protecting their lake and providing a diverse ecosystem. These littoral zones provide a key habitat for wading birds, fish, and other aquatic invertebrate to forage or to find refuge within. For more information, visit https://extension.msu.edu. See more ideas about Plants, Native plants, Shoreline. Examples of these plants are tropical water lilies, hardy water lilies, watershields and lotus. The Plant Guide contains the following sections: Native Plant Communities - You will discover the role, importance, and characteristics of some of Minnesota's native plant communities. Landscape plans and plant selection ideal for wet conditions, such as shorelines, are covered in the plant topics portion of this site. To contact an expert in your area, visit https://extension.msu.edu/experts, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). They have limited wildlife value, so they are resistant to being eaten by waterfowl and other animals. They do not like continuous stress resulting from waves and ice. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. small lakes and ponds do best with slow-growing, shorter species that grow sparsely. Over ten inches fell on ground that was already saturated from rainfalls the week before. SHORELINE TREES AND SHRUBS These deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs are representative of plants that will generally do well in moist or wet soil conditions. The OHWM is also a regulatory point of reference and, according to the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, only native Michigan species may be planted below the OHWM. aquatic resource management professionals. Trees and shrubs that tolerate consistently moist soil, seasonal flooding and exposure to energy from waves and ice grow well in the area between the water level and ordinary high water mark. They should be a mix of flowers, grasses, sedges and even trees and shrubs. Maintaining dense beneficial vegetation around your lake or pond is extremely important for improving water quality, preventing erosion and controlling nuisance geese. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. A successful shoreline landscape hinges on matching plants needs to site conditions. Water Primrose: Water primrose is a perennial plant that stands erect along the shoreline but also forms long runners (up to 16 feet) that creep across wet soil or float out across the water surface. The plant has strong roots and can survive through wide variations of the water level and displays an affinity for high levels of phosphates and hard waters. Wetland plants established on the shoreline are a preferred method for stabilizing pond banks, and they provide many benefits beyond erosion prevention. We encourage you to have beneficial plants added around your lake or pond if they aren’t already present to help improve water quality, prevent erosion among other important benefits. Upland. Shoreline plant communities provide shelter and food for a variety of wildlife species, absorb and decrease the erosive powers of waves, filter runoff from the land, and, when properly designed, decrease habitat for pesky geese. Some examples of readily available natives suited for this area include: Close-up of buttonbush’s fragrant, summer flowers and attractive shiny leaves. Having a healthy ecosystem of shoreline plants plays an important role in improving and maintaining the quality of your lake. Milkweed grows in swamps, thickets and along wet shorelines and the flowers attract and provide food for butterflies, especially monarchs. Keep reading to find out the some of the top aquatic plants for your pond! Mary Wilson, Michigan State University Extension - Shoreline erosion affects both the Great Lakes and inland lakes in Michigan. You will also benefit from proper buffer management by attracting insects, like dragonflies, that feed on mosquito larvae, thus helping to control mosquito populations in and around your pond. This planting area is further away from the high water mark and features drier soils. It is considered one of the best plants for many ecological reasons including: food for wildlife and oxygen for the pond. This plant has slender leaves and deep pink flowers clustered at the top of a tall, branching stem. 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