0000017690 00000 n What is “good”? No matter how much the public wants this spectacle, it must be dismissed from our moral deliberations. /Contents [209 0 R /Parent 164 0 R Duties are morally mandated actions or prohibitions, such as the duty to keep promises or the duty not to lie (Broad, 1930). Sidgwick, Rashdall, McTaggart, and Moore were consequentialists, holding that right acts always maximize the good; Prichard, Carritt, Ross, and Broad defended the deontological view that rejects that claim. Consequentialism focuses on the consequences or results of an action. The main difference between deontology and consequentialism is that deontology focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves. (Hollinger, 2002, pp.34-36: “Normative Ethics,” n. d. ; Kemerling, 2002; Sinnott-Armstrong, 2006). 216 0 R Deontology vs. Utilitarianism Deontology Utilitarianism Justice Ethics vs. Care Ethics Justice Ethics Care Ethics ights Ethics Conflict of ights Ethical Theories in Nursing Moral philosophy has moved from addressing Plato's question of what makes the good person, to Kant's query as to the right thing to do, to Buber's concern with relationship. PhDessay is an educational resource where over 1,000,000 free essays are collected. Deontology, Consequentialism and Moral Realism A. Jean Thomas Abstract This Article analyzes hybrid philosophical models that combine deontological and consequentialist principles. 0000018859 00000 n ” This system was summed up in the common statement, “the greatest happiness for the greatest number. Corresponding to each of these views about what makes one outcome better than another is a different version of consequentialism. /Root 172 0 R He insisted that the imperative, or duty, had to be categorical, not merely hypothetical, or conditional, because true morality could not depend on such things as individual likes and dislikes, abilities, or opportunities. 4.1 Consequentialism Two types of consequentialism (1) Egoistic and particularistic consequentialism One only takes into consideration how the consequences of an act will affect oneself or a given group – e.g. Even if it was determined that the general populace was so caught up in a blood lust that the pleasure of the masses who would watch the agonies of the condemned far, far out-weighed the suffering of the victim, the categorical imperative demands that individual human rights be acknowledged and held inviolable. This is a more specific way of delineating what might be the “highest human 0000001427 00000 n >> 0000029612 00000 n Jamshed Masjedi Outline the key principles of Natural Law Let’s start off with a definition of Natural Law: a moral code existing with a purpose of nature, created by God.. The focal point of deontology is the concept of duty; deontology is derived from the Greek word deon (duty). ones family, fellow citizens/compatriots, class or race. 213 0 R Some of the most important ethical theories are the “normative” theories -- that is ethical theories which try to establish authoritative standards by which conduct can be judged. 0000001945 00000 n 0000010727 00000 n 171 0 obj [174 0 R 0000001293 00000 n Mill tried to respond to these charges by setting up a distinction between lower and higher qualities of pleasure. <> 0000039796 00000 n /T 190250 Thomas Aquinus linked this. (Kay, 1997). 0000006771 00000 n Ayn Rand professed a view of rational self-interest, saying that altruism was irrational. startxref 0 For example, lying is always wrong -- even the "polite lie" or the lie told for noble reasons. Critics charges that the ethical system of Epicurus leads to an austere hedonism. /H [ 1485 481 ] endobj ” Their system was “consequentialist” in that its proponents claimed that an act is morally right if the act causes the greatest good. The second statement of the rule stresses the importance of respecting persons as more important than things. Ethical Theories- Pros and Cons Katherine Bryson ETH/316 October 15, 2012 Mark Cobia Ethical Theories- Pros and Cons The similarities between the virtue theory, the utilitarianism theory and deontological theory. One of the most well known forms of consequentialism is utilitarianism which was first proposed by Jeremy Bentham and his mentee J.S. trailer Critics find these systems overly technical and confusing, and utilitarianism fosters an “end justifies the means” line of reasoning. /Info 166 0 R By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Your Deadline is Too Short? %���� 37-39; “Normative Ethics,” n. d. ; Kemerling, 2002). (“Normative Ethics. https://phdessay.com/consequentialist-versus-deontological-ethical-systems/, Deontology and the Categorical Imperative, Outline the Key Principles of Natural Law. 173 0 obj Like other men, he wished that things would go well. have given the concept of deontology the close attention that such prominence should merit. << Over the course of history, various thinkers have tried to develop systems which guide human thought on this question. (“Normative Ethics,” n. d. ; Hollinger, 2002, pp.37-39). To describe this in general terms, this deontological theory focuses on the inputs leading to … Their system was “hedonistic,” in that they claimed that pleasure was the only true “good” and pain is the only true “bad. ” n. d. ) Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) set forth what is generally accepted as the most advanced theory of deontological or duty-based ethics. But Kant insisted that as far as the moral evaluation of our actions was concerned, consequences did not matter. << >> can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. 0000001485 00000 n 0000010092 00000 n %PDF-1.3 endobj forms of consequentialism cannot accommodate moral con-straints by using the idea of what is good-relative-to-an-agent. endobj 0000029555 00000 n x�c```a``=�������A�X��,3YX�9R%T�\˳��\8��� � /+���o�m��S[�2ز���ŶE����^�[w�AOS��2���r5p��՛nϩ���Η�?�Z�����l���!���mQ��e�ۑ�Nb鿪���E&�NO�6����v�.W�0� wHA�A ��v`5^� �b�2��k8�4>q��|�գ�i:b{�>;�Qx��g��7���=��*��_5�-z���Ԑ�*"�0�a�����=���F���� �p Ethical rules based on duty have the great advantage that the ends can never justify the means. 0000048950 00000 n 0000005380 00000 n 0000002797 00000 n 0000056528 00000 n <. /Rotate 0 218 0 obj << (Hollinger, 2002, p. 34-36; “Normative Ethics,” n. d. ; Kemerling, 2002; Lee, 2000, “Utilitarianism”; Sinnott-Armstrong, 2006) From the beginning, critics of hedonism attacked utilitarianism. /Resources 180 0 R Scholars The school’s members defended specific versions of consequentialism and deontology.


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