Groups (Families) of the Periodic Table learn by taking a quiz; Online quiz to learn Groups (Families) of the Periodic Table; Your Skills & Rank. The number of each element corresponds to the number of protons in its nucleus (which is the same as the number of electrons orbiting that nucleus). Groups are numbered 1-18. Metals behave differently than gases, and there are even different types of metals. alkaline earth. Alkali metals: Group 1A of the periodic table. Hydrogen (atomic number 1), with the simplest of all atomic structures, has just one electron on principal energy level 1, so, in effect, its valence electron is also a core electron. a) family name b) family members c) valence eletrons d) bonding ability e) general family characteristics f) location on the periodic table SIDE NOTES: The class takes notes over the presentations and we can cover the families of the periodic table in about two days. group 1, hydrogen is not a member. More … An example of an element family is the nitrogen group or pnictogens. The valence configuration for hydrogen is thus written as 1s 1. Alkali Metals: Are located to the far left side of the periodic table … The noble gas family consists of helium (which is used in balloons), neon (neon lights), krypton, xenon (which is used in headlights), argon (which is used in light bulbs), and radon (whose isotopes can be used to cure cancer). Families in the periodic table. Group (family): A vertical column in the periodic table. Be to Ra which are present at the left hand side of the periodic table Most element families are a single column of the periodic table, although the transition elements consist of several columns, plus the elements located below the main body of the table. Metallic solids, harder than the alkali metals. Groups Elements in a column Families Group 1-18 Family name based on 1st element in the column. Shiny, lustrous, oxidize easily. Li to Fr and alkaline earth metals (group IIA or 2) i.e. - Group 17 of the table. For our purposes we will define the following ten families: Alkali metals. Group 1 is known as the alkali metals.  These have a single valence electron, meaning that they can easily lose this electron in order to form ionic bonds.  All elements in the alkali metals family are highly reactive and are soft metals which are solid at room temperature. Copyright © 2012-2020 www.periodictable.ca - Periodic Table . Astatine. Given descriptions or specific element groups, students will use a Periodic Table to relate properties of chemical families to position on the table. Alkaline Earth Metals. It is the one marked "1A" in the Period Table figure above. Learn the properties of some of the groups of the periodic table. Group 18 is the family of elements known as the noble gases.  These have 8 valence electrons, meaning that they have full outer valence shells.  Having a full outer shell means that an element is extremely unreactive.  It was long assumed that the noble gases were chemically inert (that they were not able to react with other elements in any way).  This is not strictly true, but the circumstances under which it is possible to get them to react are exceedingly rare. Periodic trends, arising from the arrangement of the periodic table, provide chemists with an invaluable tool to quickly predict an element's properties. The columns of the periodic table are often used to define families. There are 7 periods in modern periodic table. These have a single valence electron, meaning that they can easily lose this electron in order to form ionic bonds. Transition elements: Groups 3 to 12 of the periodic table. The newer method uses the numbers 1 through 18. Each group within the periodic table has a set number of valence electrons, and this is true for all members of that group.  Thus all members of group 2 have two valence electrons, while all members of group 8 have eight valence electrons.  The reactivity of the family is a direct product of these valence electrons.   The first two groups on the table and the last two groups are each known as a separate family.  The remaining elements are known as part of a much larger family, known as the transition metals. Alkaline earth metals: Group 2A of the periodic table. Interactive periodic table with up-to-date element property data collected from authoritative sources. Very reactive metals. All elements in the alkali metals family are highly reactive and … Click the tabs at the top to explore each section. High thermal and electrical conductivity. The Periodic table can be divided into nine families of elements each having similar properties. Periodic Table of Elements - The Periodic Table is a tabular arrangement of the chemical elements, organized on the basis of their atomic numbers (numbers of protons in the nucleus), electron configurations, and recurring chemical properties. Characteristics of periodic table families Group 1 is known as the alkali metals. Knowing how to identify families, the elements included and their properties makes it possible to predict the behavior … When it comes to making these predictions, the group or family an element provides a great deal of information about how the element is likely to react, as well as what it may look like. 22. The first group has seven elements representing the seven periods of the Periodic Table. Terms in this set (31) Alkali Metals. And so as we go through these terms, I'm going to be checking them off. Some elements don't react, while others are very reactive, and some are good conductors of electricity. 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